As divisions emerge over improving relations with the West, Tehran will become increasingly polarised.
The geopolitical rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran will drive regional developments in 2016.
Concerned about developments on its southern border, Turkey will adopt a more assertive stance towards the Syrian and possibly engage in a limited intervention.
While the lifting of sanctions may signal a broader shift in U.S.-Iranian relations, the historically fraught relationship faces many challenges.
Islam has become the central ideological battle ground in the new Middle Eastern Cold War
Turkey’s desire for a no fly zone over northern Syria has been frustrated by Russian intervention.
As Western leaders soften their stance over Bashar al Assad’s future, the groundwork for a political solution may be in the offing.