The US and Mexico today celebrate the bicentennial of their diplomatic relations. Bilateral cooperation between the US and Mexico currently
The US and Mexico today celebrate the bicentennial of their diplomatic relations.
Bilateral cooperation between the US and Mexico currently encompasses many areas, including trade under the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, security by joint fentanyl interdiction and education through cultural exchange programs.
The two countries also have also worked together in addressing the US-Mexico border crisis. At the end of FY 2022, apprehension of migrants at the 2,000-mile shared border hit a record high of 2.3 million people, with the US facing a backlog of two million immigration cases pending in its courts.
Further cooperation between Washington and Mexico City is likely to address the influx of migrants on the shared border given the tangible medium to long-term benefits. These benefits include improved drug interdiction, better safeguards against human trafficking and more efficient processing of asylum seekers. Bilateral cooperation also serves as a means that Washington’s executive branch of government can use to circumvent deadlock in Congress over comprehensive immigration reform legislation, as US President Joe Biden has few constitutional constraints diplomatically negotiating with Mexico City short of a treaty. Indeed, bilateral arrangements mitigating the border crisis may significantly improve his chances of re-election in 2024.